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Negotiating Linguistic, Cultural and Social Identities in the Post-Soviet World

Sarah Smyth and Conny Opitz

In this volume, researchers in the fields of language in society, sociolinguistics, language politics, diaspora and identity studies explore the contacts between languages and cultures in the post-Soviet world. The book presents a range of perspectives on the effects of migration and of re-drawing of borders among groups and individuals for whom the Russian language has had an instrumental or symbolic prominence. How do recent geopolitical shifts impact on the policies and practices of newly independent states? How have communities and individuals come to redefine their own identities and core values? How does a cultural context in which the power relations between cultural and linguistic groups have been reversed or recalibrated affect the attitudes of each group? How does the potential for transnational identities impact on the interplay between diasporic and homeland communities? How does migration influence linguistic and parenting practices? This collection of fers answers to these and many other questions through case studies from eleven regions in Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East.


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List of tables and figures


Irina Zak and Arie Cohen Explicit/implicit acculturation and adaptation among Russian immigrant teachers in Israel Table 1 Sequence of trial blocks 29 Table 2 Teachers’ acculturation attitudes across life domains 31 Table 3 ANOVA scores for acculturation profiles with BDI-II/RASI 32 Table 4 Correlations between the acculturation scales and adaptation measures 33 Table 5 Contribution of implicit and explicit methods to evaluation of BDI-II and RASI 36 Figure 1 Comparison of BDI-II scores in teachers with high and low IAT within each acculturation profile 35 Figure 2 Comparison of RASI scores in teachers with high and low IAT within each acculturation profile 36 Martin Ehala and Anastassia Zabrodskaja Ethnolinguistic vitality of ethnic groups in the Baltic countries Table 1 General characteristics of the two major linguistic groups in Estonia 54 Table 2 General characteristics of the major linguistic groups in Latvia 55 Table 3 General characteristics of the major linguistic groups in Lithuania 57 xii List of tables and figures Table 4 The sample in Estonia 61 Table 5 The sample in Latvia 62 Table 6 The sample in Lithuania 62–63 Table 7 Sociodemographic descriptors of the samples (percentages) 63–64 Table 8 Perceived strength dif ferential D (1 – maximum superiority … -1 – maximum inferiority) 65 Table 9 Perception of legitimacy (1 – low … 6 – high) 70 Table 10 Perception of distrust (1 – low … 6 – high) 71 Table 11 Indicators of discordance D (-0.25 – positive … 0.75 – negative) 72 Table 12 Levels of utilitarianism and traditionalism (1 – lowest … 6 – highest) 73 Table...

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