Essays in Honour of Pádraic Conway
4 Ressourcement and Vatican II: Reform and Renewal
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4 Ressourcement and Vatican II: Reform and Renewal1
The renowned generation of French ressourcement theologians, whose influence pervaded French theology and society in the period 1930 to 1960, and beyond, inspired a renaissance in twentieth-century Catholic theology and initiated a movement for renewal that made a decisive contribution to the reforms of the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965).2 The foremost exponents of ressourcement were principally, though not exclusively, leading ← 57 | 58 → French Dominicans and Jesuits of the faculties of Le Saulchoir (Paris) and Lyon-Fourvière, respectively. They included the Dominicans Marie-Dominique Chenu (1895–1990), Yves Congar (1904–1995), Dominique Dubarle (1907–1987), and Henri-Marie Féret (1904–1992), and the Jesuits Jean Daniélou (1905–1974), Henri de Lubac (1896–1991), Henri Bouillard (1908–1981), and Hans Urs von Balthasar (1905–1988) who, under the influence of Adrienne von Speyr (1902–1967), left the Society of Jesus in 1950 in order to found a “secular institute” for lay people.3 The movement ← 58 | 59 → also encompassed Belgium and Germany.4 De Lubac’s description of the methodology of ressourcement is apposite:
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