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Research on Social Studies

Edited By Mehmet Ali İçbay, Hasan Arslan and Frederic Jacobs

This book is a collection of papers written by researchers, teachers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of social sciences. The topics in the book include a wide range of studies from the analysis of social science textbooks to the teachers’ image on newspapers, from the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level to the role of organizational silence on the academicians’ loneliness in the working life.

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Body Integrity Identity Disorder – the Need to be Disabled. A Sociological Perspective on an ‘Abnormal’ Desire


Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) is a presumably very rare phenomenon in which persons with ‘healthy’ bodies experience the strong and persistent desire to attain a physical disability (First & Fisher, 2012). Originally the term BIID was restricted to the desire for amputation of one or several limbs (First, 2004). More recently, however, it has been broadened to include other types of physical disability as well (First, 2009) – most notably paralysis and paraplegia. Sufferers often state that they feel ‘trapped in the wrong body’ due to a discrepancy between actual body and body image, which is why BIID often is compared to transsexuality. They are not delusional, do not think their limbs are ugly or deformed and are aware of the fact that their desire is ‘abnormal.’ BIID might have a secondary sexual component, but should not be confused with Apotemnophilia (Money, Jobaris, & Furth, 1977) which focuses on sexual aspects. Although the exact causes of BIID remain unknown, previous research has explored the importance of neurological (McGeoch et al., 2011) and/or psychological factors (Kasten & Stirn, 2009). So far, BIID has not been included in the DSM or the ICD and is therefore not formally recognised as an illness of its own.

Currently, there is no conventional treatment that is considered to be effective in combating BIID itself (First, 2004). While especially sufferers have been arguing that amputation (or different kinds of surgeries) could be considered as a treatment option (or even the only ‘cure’...

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