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Constraints on Structure and Derivation in Syntax, Phonology and Morphology


Anna Bloch-Rozmej and Anna Bondaruk

The papers collected in this volume explore the major mechanisms, that is derivations and constraints, claimed to be responsible for various aspects of the linguistic systems, their syntax, phonology and morphology. The contributors approach these issues through a detailed analysis of selected phenomena of Modern English, Old English, Polish, Russian, Hungarian and Icelandic, offering novel theoretical and descriptive insights into the working of human language.

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Enhancing stressed /a/ low frequency components in the context of sonorants. Some proposals on phonological representations (Leonardo M. Savoia / Benedetta Baldi)


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Leonardo M. Savoia and Benedetta Baldi

Università di Firenze

Enhancing stressed /a/ low frequency components in the context of sonorants. Some proposals on phonological representations

Abstract: In this article two main topics are addressed: the treatment of vowel-sonorant interaction processes and, as a crucial theoretical point, the nature of phonological representations. As to the first point, data from some Italo-Romance and Romansh varieties are examined, which involve the relation between segmental phonological content and its prosodic manifestation. We examine the cavity and duration properties of stressed nuclei in contexts preceding a sonorant and in contexts involving the acoustic space associated with long nuclei. Nasal contexts favour the insertion of a cavity component triggering F1 lowering effects in the vowel. Liquid contexts favour the centralisation of the stressed nucleus by sharing of the [A] element. We conclude that the colour and length properties associated to the stressed nucleus license a second cavity component, manifesting its licenser role in the prosodic domain. We propose that in the assimilatory processes triggering the downward shift of F1 in vowels in nasal contexts, the element [Lf1], low-frequency F1, is involved. As to the phonological representations, a point recently discussed in the literature, we have concentrate on the relation between the prosodic structure and the melodic content of segments.

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