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Evolving Nature of the English Language

Studies in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics


Edited By Robert Kiełtyka and Agnieszka Uberman

This volume presents a collection of interdisciplinary papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of both theoretical and applied linguistics. The contributors focus on contemporary developments in morphological, semantic and pragmatic theorizing. The contributions are also devoted to various aspects of the methodology of teaching English as well as some intricacies of translation.

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Latinisms in Substandard Language (Ada Böhmerová)


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Ada Böhmerová

Latinisms in Substandard Language

Abstract: The paper1 investigates the systemic functions and communicative presence of Latinisms in substandard Slovak, which is an area that so far has not been the focus of linguistic investigation. The aim of the research, on the one hand, is to identify Latinisms which have been preserved only in substandard layers of Slovak, highlighting the related specific historical, socio-cultural and communicative circumstances of their presence, and, on the other hand, the linguistic situation is contrasted with English, where considerable differences resulting from the different linguo-cultural development have been found. While the focus is on the investigation of synchronic data from lexicographical sources, comparing the presence and evaluation of the Latinisms contained in them, the research essentially involves diachronic investigation from available etymological sources, and their mutual and contrastive analysis and discussion.

Keywords: Latinisms, substandard Slovak, linguo-cultural development, diachronic research, comparison with English


Latin, beyond any doubt, has left a deep, wide and permanent trace in the languages of Europe. As the language of the Romans, who subdued and for several centuries ruled most of Europe within the powerful Roman Empire, it influenced the languages it came into contact with not only during the existence of the Empire, but also in the context of the heritage of Roman civilization. Moreover, thanks to its multiple communicative functions as a lingua franca, it has continuously exerted its international lexical impact.

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