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Evolving Nature of the English Language

Studies in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics


Edited By Robert Kiełtyka and Agnieszka Uberman

This volume presents a collection of interdisciplinary papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of both theoretical and applied linguistics. The contributors focus on contemporary developments in morphological, semantic and pragmatic theorizing. The contributions are also devoted to various aspects of the methodology of teaching English as well as some intricacies of translation.

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The Marginalisation of Vulgar Language in Audio-Visual Translation (Michał Organ)


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Michał Organ

The Marginalisation of Vulgar Language in Audio-Visual Translation

Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the translation of vulgar language in adult animated sitcoms. After a short description and identification of characteristics found in adult animated sitcoms and their humour, the chapter will focus on the issues connected to the translation of vulgar language. The analysis aims to indicate whether the Polish translation alleviates the original vulgarity of language and humour. In order to do this, the source text (ST) dialogue lines will be confronted with their counterparts in the target text (TT). Furthermore, issues connected with censorship, cultural determinants and expectations in audio-visual translation will be discussed.

Keywords: adult animated sitcom, audio-visual translation, humour translation, vulgar language


Vulgar language, present and abused in almost all cultures, ages and social groups, is universally and popularly referred to as a rather negative concept, which should be eradicated from all spheres of human life. Even though people are taught that such language is offensive, abusive and inappropriate, still it is used in most situations encountered in a life time. Vulgar words and expressions are used to indicate both, positive and negative concepts. Vulgar language is also an extension of mental state and emotions linked to a particular occurrence and object. Spoken or unspoken vulgar words and expressions accompany almost every sphere of human thoughts along with language itself, effectively creating a wider spectrum to...

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