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Philosophy and Logic of Predication

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Edited By Piotr Stalmaszczyk

This book investigates philosophical and formal approaches to predication. The topics discussed include Aristotelian predication, a conceptualist approach to predication, possible formalizations of the notion, Fregean predicates and concepts, and Meinongian predication. The contributions discuss the approaches proposed by Aristotle and Frege, as well as the division of classes into a hierarchy of orders. They reanalyze the traditional notions, and offer new insights into predication theory. This book contributes to contemporary debates on predication and predicates in the philosophy of language.

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The Impact of Traditional Predication Theory on the Notion of Class (Ignacio Angelelli)

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Ignacio Angelelli

The University of Texas at Austin

The Impact of Traditional Predication Theory on the Notion of Class1

Abstract: A text from the 18th c. Johann Caspar Sulzer is quoted where not only the notion of class (classis) is used but, moreover, a hierarchy of orders for classes is introduced. Such a hierarchy is developed not along the relation of membership but along the relation of inclusion. Given a class of order n, a class of order n+1 is not one which has the class of order n as a member but one of which the class of order n is a subclass. The main thesis of this paper (which is a modified, English version of my earlier La Jerarquía) is that the ordering of classes by inclusion rather than by membership is a consequence of the traditional, as opposed to the Fregean, predication theory.

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