This book investigates the linguistic status of predication, especially within the generative paradigm. The topics discussed include minimalist accounts of predication, types of predication, copular constructions, topic and focus, theticity and transitivity. The contributions analyze constructions from a wide variety of languages, including English, Polish, Irish, Welsh, Norwegian, German, Arabic, Ostyak, Mongolian, Japanese and Chinese. This book contributes to contemporary debates on understanding predication in linguistics and in the philosophy of language.
A Derivational Framework for Focus as Predication (Przemysław Tajsner)
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Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań
A Derivational Framework for Focus as Predication
Abstract: The paper advances a syntactic view of predication exceeding the limits of a tense phrase (TP) and extending into the realms of information structure. It is argued that the partition of sentences into topics and foci resulting from Internal Merge is an instance of generalized predication. The proposal, which offers an alternative to cartographic approaches, is illustrated with the account of the two types of discourse-functional constructions of contemporary Polish, known as to-clefts and topic-to sentences. It is argued that the cases of ex situ articulation of topic and focus in Polish result from deriving a non-directional Predication Phrase built around a lexical head to.
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