Virtual, Visual, Veridical
This book raises the question of what visuality really is and how it is possible to explain it. Virtual reality is connected to our current environment with multiple ties. It affects the everyday operation of the media and hence all of our lives. The authors connect the concepts of pictorial turn and virtual reality from different perspectives and disciplines, from philosophy through communication theory, rhetoric and linguistics to pedagogy.
The Pictorial, the Virtual and the Trivial. On Pictorial Realism and Relativism (István Danka)
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The Pictorial, the Virtual and the Trivial. On Pictorial Realism and Relativism1
This paper argues that an examination of pictoriality and virtuality as philosophical themes can provide ammunition for common-sense realism in its fight against extreme forms of relativism. Based on Kristóf Nyíri’s recent work on the issue, three arguments will be provided to support that claim. The first will argue that a recent common sense realist argument against relativism is insufficient. The second will provide a replacement for that claim, applying visual metaphors. The third will provide a supplement to the replacement on metaphors from virtuality. These together can serve as a ground for a realism that is permissive enough to allow trivial relativism on the one hand, but excluding extreme forms on the other.
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