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The Influence of Level of Extroversion, Locus of Control and Gender on Listening and Reading Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition


Magdalena Trinder

This book is an investigation into the correlation between level of extroversion, orientation of locus of control and gender. Level of extroversion and gender are widely recognised as key factors influencing the process of Second Language Acquisition, although there remains much debate as to the nature of this influence. Locus of Control has equally been identified as a key predictor of success in academic learning. Taking these points into consideration, the authors analyze the correlation between these three key factors and success in reading and listening on students of English at the university level. The investigation includes both a quantitative analysis and qualitative explanatory interviews.

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All three of the main Hypotheses proposed in the current study have been disproved, which in itself is significant as it would appear to strengthen the position that there are no differences in achievement between males and females, which runs contrary to contemporary beliefs and might help move towards the ‘defeminisation’ of English Philology in Polish higher education. It would be a fair objection that the dominance of females studying languages as a major is proof against the present conclusion. However, one could argue that the lack of male participation is nothing to do with a lesser ability; rather males are, to some extent, discouraged by their perception of a female dominated field. Given the limited nature of the present study, it is impossible to make general conclusions, bit it would appear that, when we speak of high achievers, the gender of the learner is an irrelevance and thus, more males could be encouraged to engage in language studies.

On a similar note, it would appear that the performance of individual learners at the highest level is not influenced by level of extroversion or LOC, although it was shown that, in a general sense, the level of extroversion of the population as a whole was slightly inclined towards introversion. Thus, it may be the case that successful learners are more inclined to introversion, but this would require verification with a study on a much wider scale, more of which below. In terms of LOC, the results...

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