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Flucht, Migration und Integration Flight, Migration and Integration

Eine Anfrage an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie A Question for Christian Theology and Social Engagement


Edited By Matthias Heesch, Russell Kleckley and Hans Schwarz

Das Buch legt theologische Deutungen der Thematik Flucht, Migration und Integration, ausgehend von verschiedenen kulturellen und sozialen Kontexten, vor. Viele der Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger sind an Orten tätig, in denen dieser Themenkomplex ähnlich bedeutend ist, wie in Westeuropa. Sie besprechen Flucht, Migration und Integration als Fragen an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie. Ihre individuellen Antworten und Sichtweisen bereichern die kritische Debatte über diese aktuellen Herausforderungen.

This book presents theological approaches to the subject flight, migration and integration from various cultural and social contexts. Many of the contributors are active in places where the issue of flight, migration and integration is similarly significant as it is in Western Europe. They discuss flight, migration and integration as questions for Christian theology and diaconia. Their individual responses and views illuminate and inform the critical discussion for the challenges facing today’s world.

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The Migration of Hellenistic Jews to Jerusalem, Flight and Migration of Early Hellenistic Jewish Christians from Jerusalem: Impact on Christian Theology

The Migration of Hellenistic Jews to Jerusalem, Flight and Migration of Early Hellenistic Jewish Christians from Jerusalem: Impact on Christian Theology


←212 | 213→Terry C. Dohm

Abstract: The migration of Hellenistic Jews from a syncretistic environment to Jerusalem, and their conversion to Christianity, was instrumental in the reinterpretation of the Christian gospel. Their persecution and flight from Jerusalem and migration to Antioch not only spawned the Gentile mission, but also resulted in a diversity of theological interpretations.

According to Mark 14:50, following Jesus’ arrest his disciples all forsook him and fled, presumably back to Galilee from which they had originally come. After Jesus’ crucifixion and burial, Jesus is said to have appeared to Peter (Luke 24:34; 1Cor. 15:5). This is significant, since in a Jewish apocalyptic context the resurrection of the dead was expected to take place at the end of time. The resurrection of Jesus was for his followers an indication that the new age was beginning and the ,rule‘, or kingdom, of God was about to be consummated. The disciples therefore left Galilee and made their way back to Jerusalem, to Zion, the place they had been taught to which God would come when he broke into history to initiate the rule or kingdom of God at the end of the present age (see for example Isa. 59:20).

Since Peter and the other disciples migrated back to Jerusalem, and the end did not come as they had expected, it was there that the church began. At that time all Christians were Palestinian Jews and Jerusalem became the center of...

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