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Flucht, Migration und Integration Flight, Migration and Integration

Eine Anfrage an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie A Question for Christian Theology and Social Engagement

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Edited By Matthias Heesch, Russell Kleckley and Hans Schwarz

Das Buch legt theologische Deutungen der Thematik Flucht, Migration und Integration, ausgehend von verschiedenen kulturellen und sozialen Kontexten, vor. Viele der Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger sind an Orten tätig, in denen dieser Themenkomplex ähnlich bedeutend ist, wie in Westeuropa. Sie besprechen Flucht, Migration und Integration als Fragen an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie. Ihre individuellen Antworten und Sichtweisen bereichern die kritische Debatte über diese aktuellen Herausforderungen.

This book presents theological approaches to the subject flight, migration and integration from various cultural and social contexts. Many of the contributors are active in places where the issue of flight, migration and integration is similarly significant as it is in Western Europe. They discuss flight, migration and integration as questions for Christian theology and diaconia. Their individual responses and views illuminate and inform the critical discussion for the challenges facing today’s world.

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The Nestorian Christian Migrant Community and its Contributions to Medicine and Science under the Abassid Caliphs of Baghdad

The Nestorian Christian Migrant Community and its Contributions to Medicine and Science under the Abassid Caliphs of Baghdad

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←228 | 229→Mark Worthing

Abstract: The Golden Age of Islam in Baghdad under the Abassid caliphs (786-1258) produced a remarkable growth in learning, especially in the area of medicine. Eastern Christians, commonly known in the West as Nestorians, played key roles as physicians, researchers and translators of Greek texts during this period.

The Church of the East, known in the West as Nestorians, is one of the longest surviving exile communities in history. Yet in recent years its continuing existence is more under threat than ever before. The second Iraq war led by US forces and their eventual exit from the country dramatically changed the political and religious situation in the Iraq, particularly for the minority Christian communities. A huge loss of church buildings and also of ancient manuscripts has occurred. A resultant sharp rise in migration has meant an ever-shrinking presence of these communities in many Iraqi cities. The rise and fall of the Islamic State militant movement within the chaos of the Syrian civil war and the continuing divisions in Iraq meant many more Christians in both of these lands have been driven into exile. The fall of Mosul and its two year suffering under ISIS rule did great damage not only the city in general, but also to the Iraqi Christian community. Many thousands did not escape Mosul and other captured towns and cities and have paid for their faith with their lives. As we are now confronted with what could be the...

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