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Studies in Formal Linguistics

Universal Patterns and Language Specific Parameters


Edited By Anna Bloch-Rozmej and Anna Bondaruk

This book investigates the nature and consequences of universal principles in four major grammar components, i.e. syntax, phonology, morphology and semantics. Language specific parameters are held responsible for the attested variation. The papers collected in this book analyse selected phenomena from English, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, and Polish, and shed new light on the interaction of universals and parameters in the structure of individual language systems. The generative framework is adopted as the theoretical model in the majority of contributions.

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Chapter 1 On Japanese Sluicing: Evidence for the Focus Movement & Deletion with Some Remarks on English and Polish (Naoyuki Akaso / Seichi Sugawa)


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Naoyuki Akaso1 and Seichi Sugawa

Nagoya Gakuin University

Chapter 1 On Japanese Sluicing: Evidence for the Focus Movement & Deletion with Some Remarks on English and Polish

Abstract: This paper focuses on the often discussed issue of what kind of movement is involved in the derivation of Sluicing in Japanese. We claim that Sluicing in Japanese is derived by the focus movement of the remnant into the Spec of FocP, followed by the deletion of FinP. In the course of our discussion, two sets of data are provided to support our claim. First, it is observed that Sluicing is prohibited if there is another focus element, a reason clause headed by kara ‘because’ in the sluice. We argue that this is because the movement of the remnant is blocked by the existence of the KARA reason clause occupying the Spec of FocP, suggesting that it is focus movement that forces the remnant to move out of the FinP. Second, we show that NPI sika ‘only’ cannot be licensed in Sluicing. We claim that this is because the remnant with sika moves to the Spec of FocP by virtue of its focus nature, resulting in NPI being out of the c-command domain of Neg0. This suggests again that focus movement is responsible for the derivation of Sluicing in Japanese. Furthermore, based on a comparison of data from English, Japanese, and Polish, some typological implications are presented concerning what movement is involved in...

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