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Studies in Formal Linguistics

Universal Patterns and Language Specific Parameters

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Edited By Anna Bloch-Rozmej and Anna Bondaruk

This book investigates the nature and consequences of universal principles in four major grammar components, i.e. syntax, phonology, morphology and semantics. Language specific parameters are held responsible for the attested variation. The papers collected in this book analyse selected phenomena from English, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, and Polish, and shed new light on the interaction of universals and parameters in the structure of individual language systems. The generative framework is adopted as the theoretical model in the majority of contributions.

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Chapter 2 A Syntactic Solution to the Inverse-Scope Puzzle and the Contrastive VP-Focus Construction in Hungarian Based on Extraction (Gábor Alberti / Judit Farkas)

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Gábor Alberti and Judit Farkas

Univeristy of Pécs, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Chapter 2 A Syntactic Solution to the Inverse-Scope Puzzle and the Contrastive VP-Focus Construction in Hungarian Based on Extraction*

Abstract: The paper overviews several instances of the scenario of an extracted right-branching domain in Hungarian. It shows, among others, how to account for the inverse-scope puzzle of the contrastive topic by attributing the puzzling word order to remnant movement, practically eliminating the puzzle this way. It also suggests remnant-movement based analyses of data that Kenesei (1998, 2002) discusses under the umbrella term Hungarian contrastive VP-focus. With these aims, it serves as the third member of a series of papers in which we plan to scrutinize syntactic cases in Hungarian puzzling in the following sense: there is a phrase in the sentence occupying a certain operator position, however, its predictable pragmasemantic contribution is not in harmony with the factual meaning of the given sentence. Instead, the factual meaning is such as if a more complex expression occupied the operator position in question. The straightforward solution which we attempt to elaborate in each case is always based on the assumption that in a semantic sense it is indeed the complex expression that occupies the given operator position while in a syntactic sense it is its appropriate remnant that can be found in the corresponding syntactic layer. The “appropriate remnant” is formed by extracting the right periphery of the complex...

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