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Rassismus in Geschichte und Gegenwart

Eine interdisziplinäre Analyse. Festschrift für Walter Demel

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Edited By Ina Ulrike Paul and Sylvia Schraut

Rassismus als Ideologie der Ausgrenzung funktioniert transnational, interkulturell, global. Die gesellschaftliche Aktualität und Relevanz des Themas ist unbestritten. Biogeographischer Rassismus geht nicht selten mit Antisemitismus, Antifeminismus oder neuerdings Rechtspopulismus enge Verbindungen ein. Diese Verschränkung des Rassismus mit anderen „-ismen" der Moderne veranschaulicht die Interdisziplinarität der Beiträge in diesem Buch. Sie liefern einen weitgefächerten Überblick über die Ansätze und Methoden der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften im Umgang mit dem Forschungsthema „Rassismus". In Fallbeispielen werden die „Grundlagen des rassistischen Denkens" dargestellt und mit systematischem Zugriff der „Rassismus in seiner Verschränkung" bearbeitet.

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Ludwig Langemann: Kampf gegen weibliche Berufskonkurrenz in der Schule, Antifeminismus und Antisemitismus in der Verschränkung

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Abstract: The paper focuses on the interdependence of antifeminism and racism in Germany during the late 19th century. Both social and ideological movements developed or increased as response to social change, the fear of change and the fight for emancipation of specific social groups: women and Jews. But antifeminism and racism did not only grow on their own. Their protagonists began to work together and the movements reinforced each other. That is why we can speak of entangled movements. These observations will be demonstrated on Ludwig Langemann (1859–1921) and his pamphlets. The son of an elementary school teacher achieved the rank of an academic educated school professor at a secondary school for girls. Confronted with the fights of the women’s movement for better female education and the entrance of female teachers in secondary schools he began to write against the women’s movement and against the reform of female education. Not able to prevent the reform of both at the turn of the century he looked for and found allies in the ‚völkisch‘ movement. In 1912 he was one of the founders of the German League for the Prevention of Women’s Emancipation, a collecting tank for anti-Semitism, nationalism, antifeminism, antisocialism and anti-democratic forces. The league vanished in 1920, but it should not be underestimated as an organisation, which brought several antidemocratic movements together.

Die Verbindungen von Antifeminismus und Antisemitismus im deutschen Kaiserreich

Antisemitismus und Antifeminismus haben in Deutschland jeweils unabhängig voneinander und...

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