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Religious Liberty in the Educational System of the United States

From the 1980s to the Present


Iwona Zamkowska

Nearly a third of religious liberty cases decided by the U.S. Supreme Court addressed religion and education. Numbers that high, the problem definitely deserves consideration of international public. What were the main forces that shaped religious liberty in public education in one of its most formative periods? Did the introduction of religious liberty legal framework in public schools advance religious liberty of students as independent autonomous actors? The author discusses this cultural problem from a broad and complex perspective: both internationally recognized theory of a child’s religious freedom rights and the American models of religious liberty. To cover a wide spectrum of viewpoints, she analyses a broad selection of documents, from state and NGO publications to media coverage.

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Appendix 1

Board Resolution No. 052214-02

In the matter of meeting the California Department of Education Consolidated Application and Report Systems (CARS) requirements for Education for Change Schools: Cox Academy, World Academy, Achieve Academy, Lazear Charter Academy, Learning Without Limits, ASCEND, and Epic Charter School.


ESEA Title I, Section 9524(b) specifies federal requirements regarding constitutionally protected prayer in public elementary and secondary schools.


Protected Prayer Certification Statement

The LEA hereby assures and certifies to the California State Board of Education that the LEA has no policy that prevents, or otherwise denies participation in, constitutionally protected prayer in public schools as set forth in the “Guidance on Constitutionally Protected Prayer in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools.”

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