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Psychoanalysis – the Promised Land?

The History of Psychoanalysis in Poland 1900–1989. Part I. The Sturm und Drang Period. Beginnings of Psychoanalysis in the Polish Lands during the Partitions 1900–1918


Paweł Dybel

The book is the first systematic study of the beginnings of psychoanalysis on Polish lands in Galicia (Austria-Hungary) and Congress Poland (Russia) during the partitions of Poland in the years between 1900 and 1918. The birth of the movement was presented on a broad cultural background, as an element of the assimilation processes among Polish Jews. At the same time, Freud's and Jung's theories began to gain popularity in Polish medical, philosophical, artistic and literary circles. By 1918, over a dozen articles on psychoanalysis had been published in Polish scientific and philosophical journals. Freud himself was vitally interested in this process, sending Ludwig Jekels to Krakow in the role of – as he wrote – an "apostle" of his theory in the circles of the Polish intelligentsia.

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From the author. A bibliographic note

1 Information about the publishing series

2 Publications on the history of psychoanalysis in Poland after 1989

Introduction to the English edition

Psychoanalysis in Poland during the partitions and its emancipatory ideals

1 Emancipatory claim of psychoanalysis and the “cauldron of ideas” in Central and Eastern Europe

2 Psychoanalysis and Polish Modernism in literature

3 The beginnings of psychoanalysis in the Polish lands and the assimilation of Jews

4 Where did Freud come from?

I Historical background of the birth of psychoanalysis in Poland

1 Introduction: The winding paths of Polish psychoanalysis between 1900 and 2015

2 The curse of communism and disputes over the psychoanalytical episteme

3 The psychoanalytical movement in Poland during the partitions and in the interwar period

4 Vanishing traces of memory and uncharted areas of the past

5 Is psychoanalysis a science? – a never-ending dispute

6 Psychoanalysis and leftist thought – two assimilations

7 Psychoanalysis and the “stigma of being a Polish Jew”

8 The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy from the turn of the century and the paths of Jewish assimilation

9 Psychoanalysis – a Jewish science?

10 What does “Polish psychoanalysis” mean?

11 The dilemmas of assimilation and Zionism

12 Psychoanalysis and the anti-Semitic climate of Vienna

13 A cultural transfer of psychoanalysis?

14 Jews and Poles – two Messianisms?

II The Sturm und Drang period 1909–1914

1 Nunberg’s memoirs: The Three Emperors’ Corner in Będzin

2 The psychoanalytical breakthrough: Two congresses of Polish doctors

3 Jekels’ sanatorium and his “apostolic” mission in Kraków

4 First translations of Freud and the first Polish publications

5 The psychoanalytical plague. Centers of psychoanalysis in Kraków and Warsaw

6 Contribution of Polish psychiatrists to the international psychoanalytical movement. Foreign publications

7 Psychoanalysis and the emancipation of women

8 Polish Jewesses in the international psychoanalytical movement

9 Doctor-sergeant Karpińska – a paramedic in the Legions

III The first fascinations: The reception of psychoanalysis in Polish philosophy and the humanities

1 Kazimierz Twardowski’s Ruch Filozoficzny and psychoanalysis

2 Irzykowski – the Polish forerunner of Freud?

3 Otton Hewelke – the image of Kornelia Metella in Zygmunt Krasiński’s play Irydion

4 Karol de Beaurain and the “lay analysis” of Staś

5 Exuberant libido in the Zakopane dreams of Bronisław Malinowski

IV Psychoanalysis and the truth of sexuality

1 Psychoanalysis and the Church. Sexuality as an area of conflict

2 An affair with a carter and an obsession with sin. Jaroszyński’s case studies of the obsessive-compulsive disorder

3 Truth is always good. Wizel’s diagnosis of “sexual impotence”

4 Jekels’ critique of cultural sexual morality

Epilogue: The promised land of psychoanalysis? On the eve of independence