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The Elites of the Media versus the Elites of Politics in Poland

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Edited By Zbigniew Oniszczuk, Dagmara Głuszek-Szafraniec and Mirosława Wielopolska-Szymura

This book is the fruit of scientific research conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods regarding the mutual relations between the media elites and the political elites in Poland. The authors of this work focus on several virtuous aspects of this issue: on the characteristic model of opinion-forming journalism, also on the differences presented by female and male journalists in the assessment of the relations between politicians and journalists, as well as on the differences between local and national level of mass media in terms of external and internal autonomy of journalists, next on the importance of opinion-forming media in the process of creating a sense of political subjectivity in their recipients, and finally on the phenomenon of politicization of cultural issues in opinion-forming weeklies in Poland.

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2. Political Journalism in Poland

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Dagmara Głuszek-Szafraniec

2.   Political Journalism in Poland The Coverage of Politics and Journalism in Opinion Press

Abstract The influence of politics on the media and vice versa has been the subject of research carried out by many communication’s researchers and media experts. The relations between the journalistic and political elites constitute an expression of the specific political culture in a given society as well as the values to which the society adheres. Therefore, the relations between the media and politics in Central and Eastern Europe result from the extent to which journalists respect the codes of ethics, how they understand their professional mission, and how they perceive the role of the media in society. Such determinants are complemented by political aspects, such as the instrumentalization of the media by politicians and authorities as well as the politicization of the media. In Central and Eastern Europe, there is a specific model of these relations, consisting in the polarization of media and politicization of media discourse as well as a selective approach to media functions that focuses mainly on criticizing the political option which the editors do not support at a given moment.

Keywords: Political journalism, journalistic culture, media model in CEE, opinion press in Poland

The opinion press constitutes a specific type of mass communication, due to its elitist character and relatively narrow coverage. Readers of opinion weeklies are more interested in particular types of content than other media audiences, and they...

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