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The Elites of the Media versus the Elites of Politics in Poland

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Edited By Zbigniew Oniszczuk, Dagmara Głuszek-Szafraniec and Mirosława Wielopolska-Szymura

This book is the fruit of scientific research conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods regarding the mutual relations between the media elites and the political elites in Poland. The authors of this work focus on several virtuous aspects of this issue: on the characteristic model of opinion-forming journalism, also on the differences presented by female and male journalists in the assessment of the relations between politicians and journalists, as well as on the differences between local and national level of mass media in terms of external and internal autonomy of journalists, next on the importance of opinion-forming media in the process of creating a sense of political subjectivity in their recipients, and finally on the phenomenon of politicization of cultural issues in opinion-forming weeklies in Poland.

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3. Gender of Journalists and Their Opinions on the Relationship Between the Media and Politics

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Katarzyna Brzoza-Kolorz

3.   Gender of Journalists and Their Opinions on the Relationship Between the Media and Politics

Abstract The text presents the results of questionnaire surveys conducted among Polish journalists. Answers that show the opinions of respondents on the interaction between the media and politics were selected from the list of questionnaire questions. The paradigms of the relation between the media and politics proposed by Ulrich Sarcinelli constituted the theoretical reference. The aim of this discussion was to show how the respondents perceive the relations between the media and politics, but also to take into account possible differences and similarities in the responses given by male and female journalists. The main thesis verified in the study is the assumption that female journalists have got a lower sense of media independence from politics when compared to male journalists.

Keywords: Gender, media, politics, paradigm, journalists

3.1 Theoretical background. Characteristics of research sample and methodology

The system of connections and activities linking the world of politics and the media contributes to achieving specific short- and long-term goals. Representatives of the political world want to exert influence on the surroundings, but this is only an indirect goal that allows them to gain or maintain power and realize their personal interests. Political journalists look for topics and potential informers in the world of politics, and this enables them to increase their value in the editorial office as well as the value of the medium in...

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