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Language, Heart, and Mind

Studies at the intersection of emotion and cognition


Edited By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Valeria Monello and Marco Venuti

A major premise of this book is that language use is critically conditioned by affective content and cognitive factors rather than being a case of objective computation and manipulation of structures. The 21 chapters of this book deals with how language interacts with emotion, and with mind and cognition, from both intralingual and cross-linguistic perspectives. The second major focus is the theoretical framework, best-suited for research relationships between language, cognition, and emotion as well as the effect that emotion has on the conceptualizer who constructs meanings based on language stimuli. Furthermore, the authors investigate how emotion and rational projections of events interact and what their consequences are in the conceptual world, media discourse, and translation.

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6. Contextual Oppositeness in Elaborate Emotion Event Scenarios: Love-Hate Relationship (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Paul A. Wilson)


Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Paul A. Wilson

Abstract The focus of the paper is an analysis of the phenomenon of mixed feelings, their co-temporal effects, and expression in language. The paper discusses the concept of contextual oppositeness in linguistic semantics (Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, 1996) as a possible frame of reference, particularly for experiencing love-hate, which employs an elaborate emotion scene as an expanded version of a Canonical Emotion Event scenario (Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Wilson, 2013). The first part of the presentation involves a discussion of logical oppositeness as a possible model for mixed feelings of the love-hate type, first of all in terms of the valence of their individual properties in English and in Polish (GRID and online emotions sorting data). The second part discusses the mental nature of mixed feelings as an emotive (heart) and cognitive (mind) phenomenon. Mixed feelings involve the state of ambivalence - the experiencer either feels uncertainty or indecisiveness concerning an emotion judgment, or experiences a simultaneous feeling of emotions of the contradictory, although not logically, opposite valence, typically with regard to distinct properties of an evaluated object. Furthermore, the mixed feeling experience does not involve the sensation of cognitive dissonance but seems agreeable with a ‘common-sense’ judgment concerning this type of contextual rather than logical contradiction (Ben-Ze’ev, 2008). The final part of the presentation covers examples of the emotive and evaluative love-hate relationship with respect to culturally-coloured prototypical emotions of love and hate towards people, as well as their extensions to a number of other objects...

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