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Macedonia & Its Questions

Origins, Margins, Ruptures & Continuity


Edited By Victor A Friedman, Goran Janev and George Vlahov

Macedonia and its Questions: Origins, Margins, Ruptures and Continuity is a multi-disciplinary book of 11 chapters, containing contributions that span the fields of linguistics, political science, sociology, history and law. The title of the book purposefully references but simultaneously interrogates and challenges the idea that certain nation-states and certain ethnicities can in some way constitute a "question" while others do not. The "Macedonian Question" generally has the status of a problem that involves questioning the very existence of Macedonians and one of the aims of this volume is to reframe the nature of the discussion.

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7. The Uses and Abuses of Neoliberalism and Technocracy in the Post-totalitarian Regimes in Eastern Europe: The Case of Macedonia

7.The Uses and Abuses of Neoliberalism and Technocracy in the Post-totalitarian Regimes in Eastern Europe: The Case of Macedonia


Katerina Kolozova

Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, Skopje

“Confessions" are as much a specialty of Bolshevik propaganda as the curious pedantry of legalizing crimes by retrospective and retroactive legislation was a specialty of Nazi propaganda. The aim in both cases is consistency. (Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism)

In the past decade, the so-called “hybrid regimes,” or authoritarian regimes behind the façade of democracy, have been emerging in the countries of the former Eastern Bloc, under the guise of what seems to be a contemporary European democracy. This emerging phenomenon includes both aspiring EU countries and those that are already part of the Union such as Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic.1 They are modeled according to a paradigm which seems to have been set by Putin’s Russia and soon after followed by Erdogan in Turkey. We will limit our analysis to the former Eastern bloc although the phenomenon at hand is not limited to them. Their hybridity consists in what is supposed to be an “unnatural” unity of the political model of liberal democracy, free market economy and aspects of totalitarian state control. Contemporary Hungary and Russia represent the paradigmatic model of “Eastern European hybrid regimes” as just defined.2 Typical of the state model at issue is the ←185 | 186→centrality of the role of a strong leader, such as Victor Órban in Hungary or Vladimir Putin in Russia. As a rule, it is an authoritarian figure...

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