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Inter-/Trans-/Unidisciplinary Methods – Techniques

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Edited By Beata Ptaszyńska, Paulina Stanik and Stanisław Świtlik

Cultural historians, literary scholars and linguists have been concerned with the question of how the world can be understood and represented in text. This volume presents new questions, methods and approaches in Humanism by promoting scholarly work of young researchers who participated in the Inter-/Trans-/Unidisciplinary Methods – Techniques – Structures conference in Warsaw, Poland. In their analyses, the authors shed new light on works of literature, foreign cultures and languages of the world by adopting broad perspectives and using various methods. It contains eleven articles organized into the following parts: The World in Languages and The World in Literature.

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The SPACETIME IS A FLEXIBLE MATERIAL Metaphor in Popular Science Texts on the Internet (Paweł Matoga)

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Paweł Matoga

The SPACETIME IS A FLEXIBLE MATERIAL Metaphor in Popular Science Texts on the Internet

Abstract: This paper deals with metaphors in science-related texts. Its purpose is to prove that the metaphors are present in the texts and play a significant role even if the style is highly abstract. My research material includes articles on astrophysics published on the Internet, in which different variants of the SPACETIME IS A FLEXIBLE MATERIAL metaphor were used. I used the conceptual metaphor theory by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, but I also intend to go further and complement it with the analysis of ways of introducing metaphors. The results of the study will allow us to understand how the exegetic function of metaphors is manifested in popular science texts and will extend the paradigm formed by Lakoff and Johnson to include new elements which are crucial for understanding metaphorization processes.

Keywords: conceptual metaphor, science, popular science style, Lakoff and Johnson

1 Introduction

The aim of my work is to discuss how spacetime is presented in texts published on the Internet. I strive to describe the process of metaphorization in detail, which is why I shall refer to the metaphor interpreting method presented by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson in their book Metaphors we live by. The most important part of this analysis is defining semantic elements of lexemes activating conceptual domains which are put together in a metaphor.

The basic...

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