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Subjekt und Liminalität in der Gegenwartsliteratur

Band 8.2: Schwellenzeit – Gattungstransitionen – Grenzerfahrungen; Sergej Birjukov zum 70. Geburtstag

Series:

Edited By Matthias Fechner and Henrieke Stahl

Liminalität ist ein Signum der Gegenwart. Die neuere Literatur, insbesondere die Lyrik, nimmt seismographisch liminale Phänomene der Gegenwart wahr und bildet vielfältige liminale Formen und Funktionen aus. Zentral betroffen ist das sprechende Subjekt, das in Transition versetzt wird: Zersetzung, Auflösung, Fluidität, aber auch Transparenz und Transformation öffnen seine Grenzen zum Anderen: zu den Mitmenschen, der Natur oder auch der Transzendenz. Der vorliegende Band vereint Aufsätze, die Liminalität in Bezug auf Schwellenzeit als conditio historiae der Gegenwart, auf Gattungstransitionen und auf Grenzerfahrungen des Subjekts behandeln. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf russisch- und deutschsprachigen Gedichten. Darüber hinaus werden weitere slavische und ostasiatische Literaturen einzeln und komparatistisch behandelt sowie andere Gattungen, intermediale Formen und philosophische Perspektiven einbezogen.

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Japanophone Poems in Motion: Languagescapes of Itō Hiromi and Tian Yuan

Japanophone Poems in Motion: Languagescapes of Itō Hiromi and Tian Yuan

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Yoshitaka Hibi (Nagoya)

Languagescape in the era of migration

Immigration has become a contested issue in many countries. Japan, which was reluctant to allow immigrants into the country, has begun accepting unskilled workers with the implementation of the revised Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Law since April 2019.1 The shape of society has, thus, been changing rapidly. Foreign residents are no longer rare in big cities and factory towns like Toyota City, for instance, which are dominated by the automobile industry. Apart from the obvious benefits of migration, however, people living in such multi-ethnic factory towns have since faced various difficulties. Foreign contract workers have probably been most affected by having to toil under almost slave-like conditions, being paid and ranked as trainees. What is more, xenophobic sentiments have not been alien to Japanese society either. People harboring anti-foreign sentiments have continued to use hate speech and harass foreigners.

Therefore, how can literature contribute to societal solutions in an age of immigration?

Literature, of course, cannot be expected to exert the same varieties of power as legislative and judiciary organs, or the mass media. Literature, more specifically, affects readers' imagination and emotions through its rich, carefully elaborated expressions of language, but could hardly be considered as influential in the upper echelons of societal power. And yet, there can be no doubt that literature has the potential to sensitize readers and change their ways of thinking.

In this study, I examine...

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