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Subjekt und Liminalität in der Gegenwartsliteratur

Band 8.2: Schwellenzeit – Gattungstransitionen – Grenzerfahrungen; Sergej Birjukov zum 70. Geburtstag

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Edited By Matthias Fechner and Henrieke Stahl

Liminalität ist ein Signum der Gegenwart. Die neuere Literatur, insbesondere die Lyrik, nimmt seismographisch liminale Phänomene der Gegenwart wahr und bildet vielfältige liminale Formen und Funktionen aus. Zentral betroffen ist das sprechende Subjekt, das in Transition versetzt wird: Zersetzung, Auflösung, Fluidität, aber auch Transparenz und Transformation öffnen seine Grenzen zum Anderen: zu den Mitmenschen, der Natur oder auch der Transzendenz. Der vorliegende Band vereint Aufsätze, die Liminalität in Bezug auf Schwellenzeit als conditio historiae der Gegenwart, auf Gattungstransitionen und auf Grenzerfahrungen des Subjekts behandeln. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf russisch- und deutschsprachigen Gedichten. Darüber hinaus werden weitere slavische und ostasiatische Literaturen einzeln und komparatistisch behandelt sowie andere Gattungen, intermediale Formen und philosophische Perspektiven einbezogen.

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New Media and the Liminal Subject in Contemporary Ukrainian Poetry (Dmytro Lazutkin’s Poem “Requiem” and its Versions on YouTube)

New Media and the Liminal Subjectin Contemporary Ukrainian Poetry (Dmytro Lazutkin’s Poem “Requiem”and its Versions on YouTube)1

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Anna Fees (Trier)

Since 2013 political issues have gained a new function in the field of contemporary poetry in Ukraine.2 The civil protest in Ukraine, also known as the Euromaidan Revolution, as well as the war in the East of Ukraine is characterized not only by violent events and a liminal context, but also by a significant increase of aesthetic and cultural movement in Ukrainian society. Following a tradition of resistance in Ukrainian poetry with poets such as Ivan Franko and Taras Shevchenko, a war and revolution poetry has emerged.

The title of my paper refers to three concepts: poetry, liminality, and new media. These concepts point to the research question of the paper, its methods, and its subject matter. The theoretical issues include the theoretical tradition of liminality according to the famous anthropologists Arnold van Gennep (1909) and Victor Turner (1967), and the concept of media events and media rituals according to Nick Couldry (2010). A recent publication by Danish scholars Georgsen and Thomassen (2017) includes an analysis of the affectivity and liminality in the ritualized protest of the Euromaidan. The authors argue that the Euromaidan uprising involves all essential features of liminality:

[…] suspension of ordinary rules, a fundamental questioning of power structures and political legitimacy, an order turned upside-down, a situation marked by volatility, ambivalence and potentiality, and the embryonic formation of a communitas as protestors met and mobilized on the Independence Square in ritualized action, unified by confronting the same essential...

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