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Il discorso sulle migrazioni / Der Migrationsdiskurs

Approcci linguistici, comparativi e interdisciplinari / Sprachwissenschaftliche, vergleichende und interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Edited By Daniela Pietrini

Sempre presenti nella storia dell’umanità, le migrazioni sono divenute negli ultimi anni un tema centrale della politica e della cultura europee. Attraverso i contributi di studiosi di paesi e discipline differenti, il volume indaga su come sia costruita linguisticamente la recente discussione pubblica sulla migrazione, analizzando il lessico, l’argomentazione, il discorso sui migranti nella politica e nella legislazione, nei giornali, nei social media, nel cinema. Il focus è sulla situazione italiana e tedesca, ma vi sono anche studi su altri paesi (Francia, Regno Unito, Romania, Spagna) e ricerche comparative.       

Seit jeher sind Migrationsbewegungen Teil der Menschheitsgeschichte. Doch erst in den letzten Jahren sind sie ein zentrales Thema der europäischen Kultur und Politik geworden. Mit Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern unterschiedlicher Provenienz und Fachrichtung geht der vorliegende Band der Frage nach, wie die neueste öffentliche Diskussion über die Migration sprachlich konstruiert wird. Untersucht werden dafür der Wortschatz, die Argumentation und der Diskurs über die Migranten in Politik und Gesetzgebung sowie in der Presse, in den Social media und im Film. Im Zentrum stehen Italien und Deutschland, doch es gibt auch Studien zu anderen Ländern (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Rumänien, Spanien) und vergleichende Forschung.

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Lavoro, cittadinanza, diritti: l’immigrazione nel discorso giuridico italiano1 (Riccardo Gualdo, Stefano Telve)

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Riccardo Gualdo, Stefano Telve

Lavoro, cittadinanza, diritti: l’immigrazione nel discorso giuridico italiano1

Work, citizenship, rights: immigration in the Italian legal discourse

Abstract: The legal discourse, above all that set out in the norms, is – or should be – the coherent and orderly translation of social life’s phenomena. At the same time, it shapes the formalized network of terms on which social discourse is built. The normative texts are therefore a primary testimony of the way in which a country describes and defines the various expressions of its associated life over time.

It therefore seems useful to us to investigate how the vocabulary of citizenship and immigration in Italy has been structured and changed, using the laws that have governed these phenomena over the years as sources.

The oldest Italian law dealing with the work of Immigrants is number 943 of 1986, soon followed by 39/1990, which for the first time accepts the stable presence of foreigners living and working in Italy. It is with the rules established in 1990 that the first great Italian migratory crisis, marked by the landings from Albania on the Apulian coasts in 1991, will be tackled. Since the early 1990s, and up to the decree-law 53/2019 (the so called “decreto sicurezza bis” / “security decree bis”), laws and decrees issued by governments of different political colors have introduced and fixed a terminology of immigration that both media and people have adopted, giving new shape to concepts...

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