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Rule of Law und institutioneller Wandel: Vertragsstabilität und Vertragsdurchsetzung in Osteuropa

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Edited By Herbert Küpper and Friedrich-Christian Schroeder

Die Beiträge in diesem Band bilden den juristischen Teil des interdisziplinären rechts- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Forschungsprojekts „Offenheit und institutioneller Wandel: Das Beispiel der Rule of Law". Das Buch untersucht die Wechselwirkung von außenwirtschaftlicher Öffnung und Liberalisierung im Vertragsrecht anhand des Umbruchs in Osteuropa. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes sind Länderstudien einerseits zu der Öffnung des außenwirtschaftlichen Vertragsrechts als dem Weltmarkt besonders ausgesetzter Regelungsmaterie. Andererseits untersuchen sie als Gegenprobe den Wandel im Arbeitsvertragsrecht, denn der Arbeitsvertrag ist auch in marktwirtschaftlichen Systemen ein besonders stark regulierter Vertragstyp.

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2 The Role of Philosophical Meditation

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In his philosophical reflection, Voegelin was interested in a variety of topics and problems. We are now going to discuss the main features of his vision, considering above all the place and role of metaxy in his oeuvres. The main general themes we intend to discuss are all related to metaxy, namely, consciousness, history, anthropology, politics and religion. We are convinced, however, that initiating from philosophical meditation we shall arrive at a proper understanding of Voegelin’s philosophy of consciousness, and this, in its turn, shall provide a necessary background for the understanding of history, politics and religion.

2.1 Historical Forms of Philosophical Meditation

Voegelin’s implementation of meditation in his philosophical studies has its origin in the tradition of contemplation and meditation as present in Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas and many other thinkers. Voegelin tries to extend to the practice of philosophy the function of meditation, as equivalent to the spiritual practice of prayer in Christianity. In Western Christian spirituality, one of the eminent examples of meditative and contemplative practice we find is in the tradition of Lectio Divina. It distinguishes four basic levels or stages of spiritual practice: lectio, oratio, meditatio and contemplatio.1 This division has a firm and long tradition in Christianity. If lectio stands for reading and oratio means oral forms of prayer, meditatio is a superior degree of mental prayer where the function of the mind has its primary role. Meditatio consists of considering in a rational way the contents of...

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