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Rule of Law und institutioneller Wandel: Vertragsstabilität und Vertragsdurchsetzung in Osteuropa

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Edited By Herbert Küpper and Friedrich-Christian Schroeder

Die Beiträge in diesem Band bilden den juristischen Teil des interdisziplinären rechts- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Forschungsprojekts „Offenheit und institutioneller Wandel: Das Beispiel der Rule of Law". Das Buch untersucht die Wechselwirkung von außenwirtschaftlicher Öffnung und Liberalisierung im Vertragsrecht anhand des Umbruchs in Osteuropa. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes sind Länderstudien einerseits zu der Öffnung des außenwirtschaftlichen Vertragsrechts als dem Weltmarkt besonders ausgesetzter Regelungsmaterie. Andererseits untersuchen sie als Gegenprobe den Wandel im Arbeitsvertragsrecht, denn der Arbeitsvertrag ist auch in marktwirtschaftlichen Systemen ein besonders stark regulierter Vertragstyp.

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4 The New Science of History

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Voegelin arrived at his specific understanding of history after many years of his titanic research in the field of political science and philosophy of history. His ambitious project of history of political ideas was interrupted after he encountered deep dissatisfaction with the result of his research, namely, that his examination of political ideas did not help him to identify the authentic roots of the political crisis of his time. His particular dissatisfaction regarded understanding the domination of ideologies which he saw were at the root of totalitarianisms. He was very critical of modernity, which he considered to be the major reason for the political and philosophical crisis. He identified the causes of this crisis in gnostic, apocalyptic movements and in the deformation of perception of reality that started already in antiquity. These factors, as political and religious phenomena, he saw as responsible for the deformation of the human psyche.

Voegelin had for a long time studied the historical phenomena of mankind, but, being dissatisfied with the outcomes of his research, he decided to reorient his approach. His hermeneutics of history, philosophy, politics and religion underwent a transformation and a shift in perspective: from the study of political ideas he moved to studying theory of human experience and the history of symbolization. This led him to inquiry into the nature of consciousness as the fundamental field of experience. It is the human psyche that manifests the historical consciousness of the existential realization of man in his social,...

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