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Reframing Reformulation: A Theoretical-Experimental Approach

Evidence from the Spanish Discourse Marker "o sea"


Shima Salameh Jiménez

Reformulation studies offer a recent debate on reformulation and its semasiological-onomasiological treatment. Some researchers argue for a clear distinction between reformulation and other functions such as conclusion or correction; others defend the existence of different subtypes of reformulation based on such other functions, which are expressed by the same group of discourse markers in different languages. Both approaches are valid although their arguments and theoretical basis are opposed. The book presents an Eye-Tracking proposal to complement this debate experimentally. Results support an onomasiological approach to reformulation since experimental boundaries for each function (paraphrase, reformulation, conclusion and correction) have been detected.

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I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Salvador Pons Bordería and Dr. Óscar Loureda Lamas for their supervision and continuous support during the PhD research behind this volume. I would also like to thank the rest of the members of my dissertation committee: Dr. Sybille Grosse, Dr. Marta Albelda, Dr. Araceli López Serena, and Dr. José Portolés. Finally, thanks to my colleagues of the Val.Es.Co. research group.

This volume is adapted from the dissertation Reformulation and Neighboring Categories: A Theoretical-Experimental Approach, defended at Heidelberg University on July 22, 2019, with the financial support of a predoctoral grant from the Promotionskolleg “Diskurspartikeln, informationsstruktur und Kognition (Iberoamerica Zentrum, Heidelberg Universität). This publication is sponsored by the project “Unidades discursivas para una descripción sistemática de los marcadores del discurso en español” (UDEMADIS, FFI2016-77841-P).

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