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Academic Culture

Traditions and the Present Days


Zbigniew Drozdowicz

The author of this book formulates a general thesis that in the academic culture, since the emergence of the first universities until this very day, two types of that culture have competed with each other, i.e., a corporate and templar one. In his remarks, the author tries to highlight it through the presentation of:

1. The functioning of academia in different time periods, 2. The beliefs of scholars, 3. The ways scholarly achievements have been evaluated, 4. The legal acts for science and academia. A considerable part of this study is devoted to the analysis of the Polish academic culture, including the attempts of adjusting the existing standards of conducting research and educating students to the ones prevailing in the leading Western countries.

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Chapter Four: The Constitution for Science in Poland


On the website of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego – MNiSW), the designation Constitution for Science leads one to the Act of 20 July 2018, The Law on Higher Education and Science (referred to using the abridged designation of the “Law 2.0”), and in excess of 100 supplementary legal acts, i.e. regulations issued by the ministry. The Law 2.0 consists of XV Parts and 470 articles (Journal of Laws of 2018, item 1668). In the light of declarations of the originators and co-authors of the legislation, their goal is such a profound reform of higher education and science in Poland that their quality may approach the level of their counterparts in the Western countries. It is indisputable that much is to be done in that respect. However, the matter which can be legitimately debated is undertaking actions which will actually cause science practiced in Poland and taught at Polish universities to equal the Western best or, failing that otherwise unlikely feat, bridge some of the glaring gap that one sees at present. I have spoken on the issue on many occasions in e.g. Forum Akademickie, a leading journal of the milieu. Here, I am going to cite some of the observations I made there, as well as complement them with later reflections.

The enactment of the Law 2.0 by the Polish parliament on July 20th, 2018, was preceded by protracted consultations lasting nearly two years. After the bill was approved by...

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