C. Conclusions 131
Chapter 6: The work of national and international institutions 131 to the issue of electronic authentication. One of the studies prepared by this working group is “An Analysis of International Electronic and Digital Signature Implementation Initiatives”. The study was published in the year 2000 when the electronic legislation was booming and presents a synthesis of the legislative situation per country until then. The conclusions of the study were not promising. It is argued that the approaches taken by national legislation are sometimes so divergent that they might put at stake the application of electronic signatures in international cases.388 Also, public key infrastructure is the predominant technology even in statutes which claim to be technology neutral.389 III. American Bar Association The American Bar Association (ABA) issued two documents relating to digital signatures: The Digital Signature Guidelines in the year 1996 and the PKI Assessment Guideline in the year 2003. The Digital Signature Guidelines focus on the functioning of digital signatures and explain their concept, functions and general principles.390 The PKI Assessment Guideline deals with public key infrastructure in a more extended way as well as covers other topics of an electronic transaction such as governing law and consumer protection. Both texts are based on digital signatures and public key infrastructure. C. Conclusions Organizations of different nature have sought to further the discussion of topics related to the legal aspects of electronic signatures as well as to promote the legal regulation of electronic signatures. The main concern addressed by international institutions is...
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