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Trends in Container Shipping

Proceedings of the ISL Maritime Conference 2008- 9 th and 10 th of December, World Trade Center Bremen

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Edited By Burkhard Lemper and Manfred Zachcial

In the tradition of the Liner Shipping Conferences in the eighties, the Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics organised again a Maritime Conference in Bremen. The aim of the conference in December 2008 was to analyse and to forecast the trends and perspectives of the international container shipping market. The international shipping industry and the global container shipping market have recently seen some of the most successful years in history. Excellent employment and high charter rates initiated a very strong order boom, especially in the highest size classes of 8.000 TEU to 12.000 TEU vessels and beyond. This development of accelerated fleet expansion met a cooling down period in global economy as a consequence of the worldwide financial crisis. The implications for the international trade markets have also affected the shipping industry and the container shipping market. Against this background the main topics of the Maritime Conference 2008 were: World economy, trade and shipping; vessel size development and its implications; implications of market growth on ports and hinterland; financing and taxation aspects.

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5 Session III – Implications of Market Growth on Ports and Hinterland

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Chairman: Dr. Hans-Ludwig Beth, Port of Hamburg Marketing e.V. 5.1 Port Congestion and Infrastructure Needs Diego Teurelincx, Feport, EU Rep. of Maritime Terminal Operators Feport European representative organisation of terminal operators and stevedores Members: associations and direct company membership Information network Position papers, amendments, direct dialogue, work plan, website Institutional Structure European Commission European Parliament European Council European Court of Justice Economic and Social Committee Committee of the Regions Capacity: Theoretical Components Maritime access Ship-port interface Crane-yard interface Container yard Yard-gate interface Hinterland connections 104 Diego Teurelincx What is Market Capacity? Timely provision of: What market needs Where market needs At lowest network price Market Trends Strong market growth Market unbalances, e.g. FE trade, empties, low value goods, etc. Regional market growth e.g. Intra-MED, but also intra EU SSS Ship Size Development Ship size increase Scale benefits Both construction and operating ‘cost benefits’ level off Commercial factors limit ship size Port constraints put limits Network costs factor of relevance – direct call versus transshipment Shipping lines do not seek lowest cost but highest revenue Big ships therefore also may pose bigger risks and less flexibility Network costs become more complex with additional transshipment requirements Shippers perspective Shippers Perspective Shippers prefer more ports, more frequency and shorter routes Transit time and network costs are key to shippers Flexibility of hinterland network options is an element as well Ports? The market is diversifying between main haul lines and distribution network In both segments ship size increases Also main haul vessels have to find...

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