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Germany’s Creative Sector and its Impact on Employment Growth

A Theoretical and Empirical Approach to the Fuzzy Concept of Creativity: Richard Florida’s Arguments Reconsidered

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Jan Wedemeier

The creative sector is considered to impact on employment and creative sector’s employment growth. Using a fixed effects model with time-lags, evidence is found that the creative sector fosters the growth rate of employment in German regions. Large shares of creative professionals lead to an increase in employment, but also reduce the growth rate of the creative sector. However, the growth rates are unequally distributed between the regions. Initially large shares of creative professionals further push the regional concentration of those professions in highly agglomerated regions. Driving forces for the concentration are specific characteristics, i.e. knowledge spillovers and cultural amenities. Moreover, for the evolution of the creative sector current policy strategies for the promotion of creative cities are presented.

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The Book Series “Structural Changeand Structural Policies”

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The Book Series “Structural Change and Structural Policies” “Structural change”, and particularly “global” structural change, is a ubiquitous and top- ical issue. Indeed, it is the phenomenon that reflects the dynamics and complex evolution of the economy most immediately and comprehensively—and, in turn, is at the basis of economic growth and evolution. Also, economic policy has become much more “structural policy”, or better: a whole spread of “structural policies”, in recent decades, rather than just aggregate or macro management. Viewed statically and statistically, “structure” and “structural change” mirror socio- economic phenomena simply at a “middle” range of aggregation: Industries, sectors, branches, industrial-spatial clusters and firm networks, furthermore regions, and, finally, statistical size ranges of firms (the class of mini and “micro” units, including spin-offs or new firm start-ups, further the renowned “small and medium-sized firms” group or layer, up to the large companies and the “transnational corporations”, another research area of its own). Corresponding structural policies would comprise industrial policies, including nowadays a broad support for start-ups and “entrepreneurship”, cluster- and network - oriented development strategies as well as related innovation policy and some “human capital” development policy. They also contain regional policies, again today mostly cluster- and network-based, sometimes aiming at spatially even living conditions and re- gional convergence, sometimes aiming at strengthening the strong metropolitan growth centres (mostly pursuing both of these contradictory objectives at a time, though). Viewed dynamically, or better: in an evolutionary complexity perspective of an economic systems under scrutiny, structural change...

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