Cross-National Academic Perspectives
Chapter 2: People and Their Ideas: The Foundation for InclusiveEuropean Growth. Maria Helena Nazaré
Chapter 2 People and Their Ideas: The Foundation for Inclusive European Growth Maria Helena Nazaré 1. From the Lisbon Strategy to the Modernisation Agenda The welfare of a nation depends, in the long run, on the quality of human re- sources; that is on people and their ideas (hence the title of this chapter), and thus it is linked to the capacity of the higher education sector and the quality of its institutions. During the last decade, the European higher education landscape has undergone tremendous alterations both at system and at institutional levels. Many of those were directly linked with, or driven by, the needs for efficiently qualifying the workforce, within an appropriate span of time, and equipping it with the skills required by a competitive global world market. Hence the Bolo- gna higher education reforms, which brought about the restructuration of HE degrees, new methodologies focusing on the learning process instead of teach- ing-centred ones, increased mobility of students and staff, and the new im- portance of quality improvement and quality assurance within HE. The building of a knowledge society requires a strengthening of the links between the re- search and the teaching missions of universities and changes to doctoral educa- tion, the third-cycle degree within the new Bologna structure. At the same time novel means of interrelation between the university and business were devel- oped and have proved fruitful. Half way through the first decade, it became clear that meeting the goals of the Bologna reform and of...
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