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The Modernisation of European Universities

Cross-National Academic Perspectives

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Edited By Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz

The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states currently need to balance their educational policies between the requirements of policies promoted by the EU and the requirements of their national systems. Additionally, the national educational policies are under high pressure due to globalisation. European universities and European academics operate in the midst of these large-scale changes. Their interpretations of and their responses to what is termed «the modernisation agenda of European universities» are at the core of this volume.

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Chapter 5: Europe 2050. New Europeans and Higher Education. Dominik Antonowicz

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Chapter 5 Europe 2050. New Europeans and Higher Education Dominik Antonowicz The aim of the chapter is to provide a new and fresh overview on the growing challenges that must be addressed both by national governments and institutes of higher education in Europe. By doing so, the chapter raises serious issues re- garding the social cohesion of European societies and tries to provide arguments about the important role of higher education in this respect. It demonstrates that Europe 2050 will be characterized by fewer, older and more diverse populations that will require a supply of human resources from the outside – the New Euro- peans. Taking into account the new social circumstances, this chapter claims that universities in Europe carry a particularly significant responsibility both for the economic development and the social cohesion of Europe. Social Dimension of Higher Education The social dimension of university is a huge complex social concept that is un- derstood differently from one country to another. It has most often been linked to service to the community, but as a theoretical concept it has been the subject of external pressure from political and economic wings. Historically, the univer- sity in its modern form (invented 200 years ago in Germany) has traditionally been very closely related to the state. Marek Kwiek (2001:30) describes it as “a tactical deal made between power and knowledge, on the one hand, providing scholars with unprecedented institutional possibilities and, on the other, obliging them to support national culture and to help...

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