Cross-National Academic Perspectives
Chapter 9: Effective Universities: Some Considerations of Funding,Governance and Management. Paul Temple
Chapter 9 Effective Universities: Some Considerations of Funding, Governance and Management Paul Temple Introduction The European Commission’s September 2011 Communication on “the moderni- sation of Europe’s higher education systems” (European Commission, 2011) indicates a clear proposed direction of travel so far as structural issues affecting European higher education are concerned. Institutional consideration of strategic priorities, performance-based funding for public universities, seeking diversified funding sources, and improved methods of internal management are highlighted, as well as the autonomy and improved management that institutions will need to achieve these objectives. What seems in fact to be proposed is that European universities should aim to become “entrepreneurial universities” broadly on the model set out by Burton Clark well over a decade ago (Clark, 1998), and which was also considered more recently in the context of a Framework 6 project, a summary of which was published under the title Entrepreneurialism in universi- ties and the knowledge economy: diversification and organizational change in European higher education (Shattock, 2009). This chapter will consider ideas and findings which bear on these topics and suggest how these priorities might be achieved in practice. What further steps need to be taken to realise some version of the entrepreneurial university – and how will European universities look if they do move in this direction? European higher education in context The expansion of higher education that has been seen globally in recent years - usually seen as a response to the demands of developing knowledge-based economies - has posed financial and managerial...
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