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The Modernisation of European Universities

Cross-National Academic Perspectives

Series:

Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz

The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states currently need to balance their educational policies between the requirements of policies promoted by the EU and the requirements of their national systems. Additionally, the national educational policies are under high pressure due to globalisation. European universities and European academics operate in the midst of these large-scale changes. Their interpretations of and their responses to what is termed «the modernisation agenda of European universities» are at the core of this volume.

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Chapter 9: Effective Universities: Some Considerations of Funding,Governance and Management. Paul Temple

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Chapter 9 Effective Universities: Some Considerations of Funding, Governance and Management Paul Temple Introduction The European Commission’s September 2011 Communication on “the moderni- sation of Europe’s higher education systems” (European Commission, 2011) indicates a clear proposed direction of travel so far as structural issues affecting European higher education are concerned. Institutional consideration of strategic priorities, performance-based funding for public universities, seeking diversified funding sources, and improved methods of internal management are highlighted, as well as the autonomy and improved management that institutions will need to achieve these objectives. What seems in fact to be proposed is that European universities should aim to become “entrepreneurial universities” broadly on the model set out by Burton Clark well over a decade ago (Clark, 1998), and which was also considered more recently in the context of a Framework 6 project, a summary of which was published under the title Entrepreneurialism in universi- ties and the knowledge economy: diversification and organizational change in European higher education (Shattock, 2009). This chapter will consider ideas and findings which bear on these topics and suggest how these priorities might be achieved in practice. What further steps need to be taken to realise some version of the entrepreneurial university – and how will European universities look if they do move in this direction? European higher education in context The expansion of higher education that has been seen globally in recent years - usually seen as a response to the demands of developing knowledge-based economies - has posed financial and managerial...

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