Vahidin Beluli: Methods of Professional Advancement for Imams and Islamic Studies Teachers in Austria (Translated from Albanian by Huseyin Abiva)
121 Vahidin Beluli M e t h o d s o f P ro fe s s i o n a l Ad va n ce m e n t fo r I m a m s a n d I s l a m i c S t u d i e s Te a c h e r s i n Au s t r i a (Tra n s l a t e d f r o m A l b a n i a n b y H u s e y i n A b i va ) T h e H i s t o r y o f I s l a m i n A u s t r i a T h e F i r s t A u s t r i a n E x p e r i e n c e s w i t h I s l a m The earliest official recognition of Islam in Austria dates back to the 1718 Treaty of Passarowitz under which Ottoman citizens residing in Habsburg lands were given the freedom to trade as well as other issues. They were also given the right to practice their religion in the privacy of their residences. With the occupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1878 the Austro- Hungarian government was time confronted with ruling over a large a Muslim population for the first time. With the support and assis- tance Austro-Hungarian administration having...
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