Citizen Participation and Community Involvement in Social Welfare and Social Policy
Edited By Litsa Nicolaou-Smokoviti, Heinz Sünker and Julia Rozanova
IV. CONCEPTUALIZING PARTICIPATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF DIVERSE ACTORS: AGE AND GENDER DIMENSIONS
Aspects of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Childhood – Theoretical Analysis and Experiences from Athens Area Dimosthenis Daskalakis Introduction The element of inequality is not consequence of postindustrial framework but a bequeathed element in our society. The interpretation and the confrontation of social exclusion should be sought mainly through the causes that create it, that is to say, through the transformations of social structures which produce and extend the exclusions or create new ones. The problem, that is to say, is clearly theoreti- cal and methodological, hence epistemological. Social exclusion engages various expressions. Each of them can lead to the stigmatization or even to further other exclusions. The poor live in the existing frames of the society with the consuming models and the way of life of the non poor. Their situation, it is possible to worsen in conditions of economic enlarge- ment, because they are not able to follow the changes in the various sectors that the “enlargement” involves. But their situation, it is possible to worsen in condi- tions of recession and null growth as well, because they are poor. Theoretical and Methodological Considerations The economic dimension of poverty, that concerns in quantitative terms the income’s inequality, is certainly important for the analysis of the phenomenon. However, of equal importance, is the most qualitative human dimension of poverty, which portrays the real social inequality, that is to say, the real social segregation between the “insiders” and the “outsiders”. The picture of poverty is completed if it is taken into...
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