Chapter 7: Results
Chapter 7 Results The following chapter presents the results of the empirical study conducted among German and Polish 9th grade pupils, described in Chapter 5. The analysis begins with a brief overview of all observed error types and causes. The subsequent sections discuss the three main error categories, namely linguistic, discourse organization and sociolinguistic errors, in closer detail, following the proposed error taxonomy (see Chapter 6). Measures complementing errors are also included in the discussion. The section involves, in addition, an analysis of potential correlations and interactions between various types of errors and successful realizations of language. Finally, the observed error distributions are compared with the data gathered by Hecht & Green (1983). All scores are reported either in the form of a sum or the mean score of the number of errors, or the number of occurrences of a phenomenon. Standard deviation is also given as a measure of dispersion from the mean. The focus of the analysis lies in the comparison of two groups: Gymnasium pupils (henceforth Gym) and Realschule pupils (henceforth RS). In most cases, however, the results obtained for the sample of Polish pupils are included for comparison and/or contrast reasons. Each error category indicates problems with or the inability to supply a certain language form. 190 7. Results 7.1 Errors: a general overview Current Gym pupils make an average of 2,63 linguistic error per letter. In this sense they seem to be making slightly fewer errors than Gym pupils in the early 1980s (M=4,...
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