Positions and Continuities
A National Alternative? National Socialist Appeals to Labour in Berlin, 1925-1933 (Anders G. Kjøstvedt)
A National Alternative? National Socialist Appeals to Labour in Berlin, 1925-1933 Anders G. Kjøstvedt Introduction In mid-February 1925, one and a half week prior to the official re-establishment of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) in Munich, a local branch was established in Berlin. The following month, on his first visit to the German capital after his release from Landsberg prison, Adolf Hitler confirmed the for- mation of Gau Groß-Berlin of the NSDAP. At the municipal elections in late Oc- tober, the NSDAP was able to put up a list in the city district of Spandau only where it polled a meagre 137 votes, making it by far the smallest political party in the city. However, with the appointment of Joseph Goebbels as Gauleiter in No- vember 1926, the NSDAP began to make progress and in the final stage of the Weimar Republic it was the leading political force in the German capital.1 Throughout its existence as an opposition party, the Berlin NSDAP put a lot of effort into attracting voters, members and activists from among the working class. This was partly self-evident, since Berlin was one of Germany’s industrial centres 1 The literature on the development of National Socialism in Weimar Berlin is not extensive, although it has been growing in recent years. For general studies, see Martin Broszat, “Die Anfänge der Berliner NSDAP 1926/27”, Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte 8 (1960), 85-118; Gerhard Neuber, “Faschismus in Berlin. Entwicklung und Wirken der NSDAP und ihrer Organisationen...
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