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Movements and Ideas of the Extreme Right in Europe

Positions and Continuities


Edited By Nicola Kristin Karcher and Anders G. Kjostvedt

The term «extreme right», despite an agreed upon definition, continues to be in common usage, and is frequently employed in political discourse, in the media, and in academic debates. This volume presents a broad range of movements, political parties and persons, all of them representing positions and continuities within the framework of the extreme right in the space of a century. The contributions all bring new knowledge and perspectives, and give an insight into current research in a number of fields, ranging from the end of the First World War to the first decades of the 21st century.


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Johann von Leers as Part of an International Network of Postwar Fascism (Martin Finkenberger)


Johann von Leers as Part of an International Network of Postwar Fascism∗ Martin Finkenberger Introduction In August 1957, the weekly magazine Frankfurter Illustrierte published a series of sen- sational articles under the headline “SS Meeting Point in Cairo”. A journalist sent to Egypt stridently reported the presence of a large number of former National So- cialists, SS and SD members, who were said to have found refuge in Egypt, where “a form of a small branch of the Third Reich” had been revitalised. From there, the reporter claimed, they were recruited by the Soviets, who for their part maintained close relations with President Nasser and supported his anti-Israeli policies. The Germans were allegedly placed in key positions in both the Egyptian military and propaganda apparatus. One of them was said to have been Johann von Leers (1902-1965), who had reportedly taught as a professor at the “University of Bres- lau” until the end of the war and who was now working under the alias “Euler” in Egypt. According to the Frankfurter Illustrierte, his role consisted of “taking part in the construction of an Egyptian National Socialism” – among other things as the “director” of “Radio Cairo” which broadcasted “Goebbels-style attacks” against the West and those Arab nations which did not submit to Nasser’s leadership. All these efforts were said to be “part of the big plan to install the Soviet Union as the new leading power in the Middle East”.1 The now defunct Frankfurter Illustrierte was not without influence. It...

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