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Sprachinselwelten – The World of Language Islands

Entwicklung und Beschreibung der deutschen Sprachinseln am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts- The Developmental Stages and the Description of German Language Islands at the Beginning of the 21 st Century

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Nina Berend and Elisabeth Knipf-Komlósi

Dieser Sammelband besteht zum Teil aus den Referaten der Sprachinselsektion der 1. Internationalen Tagung der IGDD, die im März 2003 in Marburg an der Lahn stattgefunden hat. Die anderen Beiträge wurden von Forschern aus verschiedenen Sprachinselregionen der Welt beigesteuert. Im Zentrum der Aufsätze stehen soziolinguistische, dialektologische und kontaktlinguistische Entwicklungen, die in deutschen Sprachinseln der Welt am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts stattfinden.
This collection of papers contains contributions to the language island section of the First International Conference of the International Society for German Dialectology (IGDD), which took place in Marburg an der Lahn, Germany in March 2003. In addition, further contributions are included on research done in language island regions of the world. The focus of the essays is the socio-linguistic, dialectological and contact-linguistic survey of the development of German language islands across the world as registered at the beginning of the 21 st century.

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Identität – soziales Netzwerk – nationale Stereotype. Zur Identitätsbildung und Identitätsforschung in den deutschenSprachinseln in Ungarn

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Identität – soziales Netzwerk – nationale Stereotype. Zur Identitätsbildung und Identitätsforschung in den deutschen Sprachinseln in Ungarn Zsuzsanna Gerner (Pécs, Ungarn) Ethnic identity has become a central phenomenon of study in contemporary sociology, social psychology and sociolinguistics. It is primarily a socio-psychological phenomenon, a segment of individuals’ general social identity (regional, national, professional, family identities, etc.), which is deduced from the membership in a concrete ethnic group. It isn’t constant but cumu- lative. Ethnic identity exists on the individual level (as one’s “self-image”) and on the level of a particular ethnic group which is distinct from other ethnic groups (through the mechanism of delimitation and demarcation). It is to be considered as a reciprocal result of self- interpretation and the interpretation by others as belonging to an ethnic group. As an ethnic minority sees it, ethnic identity is a guarantee for its future, because it prevents assimilation. W. W. Isajiw distinguishes between external and internal aspects of ethnic identification. Ex- ternal aspects indicate observed cultural and social behaviour (speaking the ethnic language, practising ethnic traditions, participating in ethnic personal networks and in any kinds of eth- nic organisations), they are objective categories, while internal aspects of ethnic identification are subjective and contain opinions, feelings, notions, etc. Different combinations of segments of the ethnic identification make different forms of ethnic identity in one ethnic group. The question is: how to investigate one’s conception of ethnic identity and how to distinguish be- tween (hypothetical) types of ethnic identity. Drawing on...

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