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Proliferation and Implementation of Prison Ombudsmen

Comparative Analysis of the Prisons and Probation Ombudsman for England and Wales and the Justizvollzugsbeauftragter des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen


Sabine Carl

Prison ombudsmen are charged with investigating claims of injustice and breaches of human rights within the total institutions of the penal system. This book comprehensively explains which needs these institutions were intended to meet, why they spread around the globe and how their proliferation determined their implementation. Using a grounded theory approach, the author examines one subject each from both the common and civil law world. The result is a detailed analysis of the acute impact of pressure on cross-fertilization processes involving human rights-sensitive penal institutions.


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E Conclusion


This chapter provides a compilation of the study’s results and highlights their impact on praxis and research. A critical analysis of the research constraints will be conducted. A description of future prospects in this field rounds this study off. I. Compilation and potential impact of research results Any compilation of research results has to answer the question: what – if any- thing – was learned? This researcher set out to challenge the assumption of insti- tutional success at the heart of the prison ombudsman spread. To this end the structures, forms, and means of proliferation and implementation of prison om- budsmen were examined with the intent to provide comprehensive insights from which to develop a primary academic understanding of prison ombudsmen. Dur- ing the examination of two selected examples, two alternate but comparable “perceptions of the world and justice” with their individual approaches to “solv- ing practical problems by accommodating competing interests as well as meet- ing the prerequisites of substantive justice” were discovered.956 This was achieved using the method of grounded theory. The pursuit of any interesting leads, as demanded by this methodology, motivated this researcher to examine prison ombudsmen in the context of the development of the ombuds- man concept. A comparable synopsis explicating the demand, structures and op- erational modes has so far not been available at a comparable level of detail, de- gree of systematization or with as general an applicability to all prison ombuds- men. Equally innovative is the attempt of presenting an exhaustive list of all...

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