A History of the Polish Intelligentsia – Part 2
Edited By Jerzy Jedlicki
Chapter 3: Crisis
The Poznań Province and Galicia, 1846-1857 1. A terrible year, or two Prepare an insurrection: what did that actually mean? Conspirators debated and disputed this at their secret assignations: is the Kingdom ready yet? Is Ruthenia? How about Galicia? And, the Poznań Province? No, said some, the country has not grown ripe yet, more campaigning is required in towns and in the countryside. Act, and there’s the best canvassing method, those less patient responded. There’s no point just waiting, and waiting, forever: people will get disheartened, the zeal will abate. The police will spot us all; the movement’s whole managing team. Ex- tended preparation time, wider propaganda, implies a greater risk of betrayal. Better preparation, others argued, means more people are able to comprehend the purpose of the uprising, and are ready to appear at the fixed day and place. And then? The very first day, it is a must that the peasants, in the Russian and Austrian districts, will be announced to that from now on, they shall be free and receive the land they cultivate as their property. No serfdom shall be continued ever since, whatsoever – which has, by the forties, become an axiom. The peas- ants will join the uprising as one; from then on, the uprising will become their own cause. But what if not all the landlords are willing to announce the remittal of the statute labour? Or, if not all the population will obey the revolutionary author- ity? A form of ‘terrorism’ has been...
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