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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays


Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.


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Justified Trust in Technology (Bernhard Irrgang)


107 Justified Trust in Technology Bernhard Irrgang A hermeneutical concept of technological knowledge and understanding pro- ceeds from the implicit knowledge and develops on this basis, an understanding of technological action, on a phenomenology of the tool use i.e. dealing natural processes, machines and technical systems in instrumental understanding as an implicit handling knowledge or competence (Irrgang, 2001a). Not the analysis of tool is of priority of importance, but those of the success, which can be achieved by means of a technical means, within the context of technological practice. The kind of realization of an intended effect is investigated. The inter- pretation of implicit technical knowledge is based on Martin Heidegger’s exis- tential analyses of technological handling with the ‚Thing-world‘ in „Being and Time (Sein und Zeit)” (Corona/Irrgang, 1999). The concept of an implicit han- dling knowledge due to an understanding process of ranges and application of natural processes or of tools becomes starting point for a philosophization over technology. This implicit handling knowledge should be reconstructed in the sense of a nested interweave knowledge and doing. Certainly by the special structure, with which one goes around, and habituality of the going around. Only in second line are decisive for technology explicit knowledge, mathematization and scientification (Irrgang, 2001; Irrgang 2004). As tools and machines became autonomous, the more represent them in an in- corporated technological knowledge, is later called as research knowledge. Thus, the technical authority and competence of technical means developed. But, they are never only autonomous, rather ever...

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