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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays

Series:

Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.

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Visions of Technology (Bernhard Irrgang)

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129 Visions of Technology Bernhard Irrgang In the 20th century, with the advancement of technology as a world-historical power, philosophers have spoken of „the end of History“(Arnold Gehlen) and „the end of Philosophy“(Martin Heidegger). Technological progress replaces philosophy and reflection and thereby accompanies the end of cosmologically oriented, i.e. Metaphysics. Although it focused itself on the ecological crisis for a short time at the end of 20th century. The 20th century was a revival of nature- philosophical thinking. Also, the cultural unity of a technological kind was threatened and is still threatened at the current time. But the current trends are moving in an opposite direction, and offering new meaningful thinking about culturally embedded technology – which in turn refers to the cultural under- standing of technological development. Since the Industrial revolution, the idea of alternative technological futures has become increasingly central to plans for technical decisions. Thus arises the more general question of the concept for the future of technology, which we want to conceptualise in our vision, and for that purpose a technical utopia, per- haps a technological world-view, is necessary. Technological development in its ambivalent form and the future of technological development replaces the para- digm of the technological progress. Also the generic future of human beings, to which technological progress has been directed since the Enlightenment, is an insufficiently broad concept. It needs to be changed and integrated into a con- cept of Sustainable Development. The concrete formation of human beings in its Bodily Existence21...

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