Edited By Airi Liimets, Marika Veisson, Pertti Kansanen and Edgar Krull
The Construct of Creativity – Lost in Meanings? (Lilian Reinmets)
Lilian Reinmets The Construct of Creativity – Lost in Meanings? Abstract Creativity is nowadays discussed too much, and this has caused the term to become quite vague� Due to its overuse in all possible contexts, creativity is losing its meaning� In this article, I attempt to discuss the problems and the confusion related to defining creativity as a phenomenon� The key questions in the article, based on my theoretical analysis are the following: 1) Is creativity primarily related to the process of the activity or its outcome? 2) To what extent is creativity related to individuality and to sociability? 3) Where is the boundary between (everyday) creativity with a small “c” and creativity with a big “C”? 4) Is creativity primarily a domain-specific or domain-general phenomenon? The discus- sion about creativity as a scientific problem is mainly based on the following authors: Joy Paul Guilford, Robert J� Sternberg, James Kaufman, Gregory J� Feist, Mihaly Csikszentmi- halyi, Keith Sawyer, Dean Keith Simonton, Mark A� Runco and Garret J� Jaeger� Keywords: creativity as a phenomenon, creative process and creative product, big-C creativ- ity and small-c creativity, individuality-sociability� Introduction Creativity has been discussed in scientific terms for the last 60 years� Joy Paul Guil- ford (Piirto 2004, Kaufman 2009, Hayes 2010, Cropley & Cropley 2010) was the person in 1950 to name the research fields in psychology that focused on creative people and then to study creativity as a specific characteristic of creative people� This started the extensive exploration of creativity as a phenomenon� Nowadays,...
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