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Modernizing Practice Paradigms for New Music

Periodization Theory and Peak Performance Exemplified Through Extended Techniques

Series:

Jennifer Borkowski

The author examines how new music scores with extended playing techniques call for new practice structures. YouTube access to basic instructional videos and the streaming of sound files allows musicians today to learn easily and independently. Yet, the trailblazers in new music tackled new scores without these aids; they used imagination, experimentation and tenacity. Conscious use of both learning modalities can augment ideas of practice and performance preparation; expanding new music’s reach while preserving its fire. Practice is differentiated between the quick learning for an upcoming performance and the transformative learning that new music offers. Periodization theory from sport science provides a pedagogical framework for building both mental and physical stamina leading to peak performance.

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I. INTRODUCTION .......................................................................15 II. MOTIVATION FOR THE UNCONVINCED ....................................21 a. Using Extended Techniques to Diagnose and Reframe Technical Issues ..................................................................... 21 1. Shyness ............................................................................ 21 2. Weak Articulation ..............................................................22 3. Tight Embouchure ..............................................................22 4. Tight Chest........................................................................23 5. Upper Octave ...................................................................23 b. Using Extended Techniques to Promote Flow ..............................26 III. A WORK ETHIC AGAINST MEDIOCRITY .....................................29 IV. MENTAL PREPARATION – CONSCIOUS PREPARATION .................33 a. Reading and Listening ............................................................33 b. Notation ...............................................................................34 c. Microtonality ......................................................................... 41 d. Rhythm .................................................................................44 V. PHYSICAL PREPARATION – BODY CONSCIOUS PREPARATION ......49 a. Stamina in Modern Music .......................................................49 b. Periodization – A Model from Sport Science .............................. 51 VI. BUILDING STAMINA THROUGH EXTENDED TECHNIQUES ...........63 a. Embouchure Strength and Flexibility .........................................63 1. Whistle Tones ....................................................................63 2. Glissando .........................................................................65 3. Vocalizing While Playing ....................................................68 4. Multiphonics .....................................................................71 5. Altered Fingerings and Harmonics ........................................ 74 6. Fourth Octave ...................................................................78 7. Trumpet Embouchure ...........................................................78 b. Extending Articulation ............................................................80 1. Flutter Tongue ....................................................................80 2. Tongue Ram ......................................................................84 3. Pizzicato ..........................................................................85 c. New Uses of Air ....................................................................87 1. Air Sounds ........................................................................87 2. Jet Whistle ........................................................................88 Table of Contents 11 3. Circular Breathing ..............................................................89 4. Inhaling While Playing .......................................................90 VII. PERIODIZATION OF HEINZ HOLLIGER’S (T)AIR(E) .........................91 a. Breathing Challenges ............................................................. 91 1. Breathing Work by Multi-Lateral Training ............................... 94 b. Building Embouchure Muscles ..................................................95 c. Fingerings and Other Techniques..............................................96 VIII. A PERIODIZED DAILY STUDIES PROGRAM ...................................99 IX. IN CONCLUSION ................................................................... 103 X. BIBLIOGRAPHY ....................................................................... 105 XI. LITERATURE RECOMMENDATIONS BY SUBJECT ..........................111 a. Resources for Modern Flute Music and Extended Techniques .......111 b. Resources on Microtonality .....................................................112 c. Resources on Music Pedagogy and Performance...

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