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Vulnerable Domains for Cross-Linguistic Influence in L2 Acquisition of Greek


Sviatlana Karpava

The book investigates adult second language (L2) acquisition of Greek by first language (L1) Russian speakers in the bi-dialectal setting of Cyprus. The participants all reside in Cyprus and came from former Soviet republics to Cyprus as young adults. The focus of the study is on the L2 acquisition of determiners, clitics and morphological agreement and relevant interpretable and uninterpretable features such as gender, person, number and case in both nominal and verbal domains. This explorative study of the real linguistic situation in Cyprus concerning adult second language/dialect acquisition tests theoretical hypotheses and provides insight into language development.
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Chapter 4: L2 Greek Clitic Acquisition


4.1 Clitics cross-linguistically

There is no unanimous agreement on the grammatical, morpho-syntactic status of clitics. There is a debate on whether they are words or affixes, about their surface status, whether they are derived from movement or base-generation and whether they are arguments or adjuncts.

According to Cardinaletti (1994), Chomsky (1995), Corver & Delfitto (1999) and Uriagereka (1995), pronominal clitics are Ds. Cardinaletti (1994) suggests that pronominal clitics are intransitive determiners, while Chomsky (1995) proposes that clitics are bare Ds that do not have complements. According to Borer & Grodzinsky (1986), Jaeggli (1981), Manzini & Savoia (1999) and Sportiche (1996), clitics have an agreement morphology. Clitics and pronominal clitics have a definiteness and specificity features (Anagnostopoulou 1994; Sportiche 1996; Uriagereka 1995).

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