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The Socialist Opposition in Nehruvian India 1947–1964

Boris Niclas-Tölle

This book examines the political and developmental thought of the democratic socialist opposition party of India during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. It thereby contributes to a modern global history of political ideas and examines the role of Marxism, Gandhi and modernisation theory for the political development of India during the Cold War. The study focuses on the modernisation policies implemented by the Nehru government: Increasingly facing competing claims from Nehru to be pursuing socialist policies after the mid-1950s, the movement eventually broke apart and large numbers of socialists were assimilated by the Congress Party where they continued to shape Indian politics.
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Archives and online sources


Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum and Library Archive, New Delhi (JNMML):

Personal papers (Subject Files and Correspondences, varying accessibility) of: Prem Bhasin/Socialist Party, Surendranath Dwivedy, Jayaprakash Narayan (partially restricted), Yusuf Meherally, Roma Mitra, Asoka Mehta, Nanda B. R., Narendra Deva; Access to papers of Ram Manohar Lohia and Madhu Limaye was restricted.

Oral History interviews:

JNMML (ed.), Oral History Interview Alva Myrdal Transcript, 1.2.1973)

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