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Acta Germanica

German Studies in Africa

Series:

Edited By Carlotta von Maltzan

Der erste Teil «Afrika schreiben», zugleich Schwerpunktsetzung des Jahrbuchs, versammelt Beiträge über Afrikaverarbeitungen in der deutschen Literatur und im kulturellen Gedächtnis, die bezeugen, dass der afrikanische Kontinent nicht erst seit seiner Kolonisierung zu Imaginationen im europäischen Raum geführt, sondern auch heute noch Relevanz hat. Der zweite Teil «Sprache und Übersetzung» setzt sich mit Zusammenhängen von Sprache und Übersetzung sowie Fragen der Zugehörigkeit und Identität auseinander. Der dritte Teil enthält eine Reihe von allgemeinen Beiträgen zu literarischen Verarbeitungen des Ersten Weltkriegs, zu Aspekten kultureller und jüdischer Identität, aber auch zu Identitätskonstruktionen in neuerer deutscher Literatur und Gegenwartsliteratur, genauso wie zu Lesekonventionen und Gattungsfragen. Der dritte Teil schließt mit einem Beitrag zu Felicitas Hoppe ab. Zudem wird in einem Interview mit der Georg-Büchner-Preisträgerin von 2012, das im Anschluss zu lesen ist, ihr Südafrikabesuch im September 2014 gewürdigt.


The first part, entitled «Writing Africa», is devoted to the focus of this journal. It comprises contributions which analyse the writing of Africa in German literary texts and in cultural memory thereby demonstrating that the African continent has not only been subject to the European imagination since it was colonised, but still holds relevance there today. In the second part of this volume, namely «Language and Translation», contributions investigate the connection between language and translation and between belonging and identity. The third part contains a number of general articles, ranging from analyses of literary texts which were written about the First World War to aspects of cultural and Jewish identity as manifested in literary texts, from (de)constructions of identity in 20th century and contemporary German literature to examining conventions of reading and questions of genre. The third part concludes with an article on Felicitas Hoppe, winner of the Georg-Büchner-prize in 2012, followed by an interview with the author who visited South Africa in September 2014.

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Richard von Kühlmanns geheimes „S.A. Depot“. Deutsche „Kulturpropaganda“, Südafrika und Deutsch-Südwestafrika im Ersten Weltkrieg

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Richard von Kühlmanns geheimes „S.A. Depot“.

Deutsche „Kulturpropaganda“, Südafrika und Deutsch-Südwestafrika im Ersten Weltkrieg

PAWEŁ ZAJAS

Adam Mickiewicz Universität / University of Pretoria

Abstract

The secret „S.A. Depot“ of Richard von Kühlmann. German cultural propaganda in South Africa and German South-West Africa during the World War I

On July 7th 1914, the British government requested general Louis Botha to take over the German radio transmitters in Lüderitz and Swakopmund. The German forces, unable to withhold the attack any longer, surrendered on July 9th 1915. The government in Berlin, realised that winning Southwest Africa back, might prove impossible, regardless of the course of the war in Europe. By the same token, the future of the German diamond companies, united in a consortium called Diamantenregie since 1909, depended on the developing political constellation in the Union of South Africa. Since 1915, German authorities have launched a subtle diplomatic game aimed at winning the support of the South African elites and the public opinion of the country. The neutral Netherlands were the main stage of this long-term post-war policy. Due to the historical connections to South Africa, the Netherlands played an important role as a cultural and political mediator. Some members of the Dutch elites – writers, journalists, politicians – still held the pro-Boer and anti-English position when WWI broke out. This position encouraged the involvement of the Dutch elites in the German incentives regarding cultural propaganda....

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